The exam review course covers 14 units: u. As a member of the CTU – Counter Terrorism Unit, you will be under fire and under pressure as you are deployed to several dangerous locations to detain a rising criminal threat. Argentine prosecutor Alberto Nisman was found murdered in January 2015 days after he claimed that he had evidence that the then-president Cristina Kirchner had attempted to cover up Iran’s role in the attack. of the Office of Legal Affairs in the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force 173 REMARKS By OTHER PARTICIPANTS 175 Theme 6: The way ahead: Advancing the implementation of the Strategy KEyNOTE AddRESS By Mr. Giampaolo Cantini, Head of the Counter-Terrorism Unit at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Italy 183 STATEMENTS Another group called the Nucleus of Conspirators for the Extension of Chaos claimed responsibility for a December 2011 bombing that occurred near the Argentine Ministry of Security that damaged cars and buildings but caused no casualties. 11- u. Argentina regularly cooperates with the United States on security, law enforcement, and AML/CTF matters. Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism.Counter-terrorism is not specific to any one field or organization; rather, it involves entities from all levels of society. In 2016, an Argentine citizen named César Raúl Rodríguez was sentenced to eight years in prison in Spain for allegedly being part of an al-Qaeda cell there, though he denied the accusations against him. (Sources: La Nación, Perfil, Perfil), In 2016, Argentine national security secretary Eugenio Burzacó stated that there was no information to suggest that ISIS had any presence in Argentina. 1594 relations: A Responsible Plan to End the War in Iraq, Aaron Cohen (counterterrorist), Abd al-Rahman Bin Khalil Bin Abdallah Nur, Abdallah al-Ajmi, Abdel Karim al-Khaiwani, Ab (Sources: Library of Congress, New York Times, Telegraph, Guardian, New York Times), Though ISIS-linked individuals have threatened to carry out attacks in Argentina, none have been carried out to date and Argentine authorities have denied the group’s presence in the country. Though the group threatened to carry out additional attacks, there have been no reports of its activity since. When Juan Perón returned to Argentina from exile in 1973, right-wing Peronists opened fire on left-wing Peronists awaiting his return at Argentina’s Ezeiza International Airport. Detachment 88, known locally as (Densus 88) is the special counter-terrorism unit of the Indonesian National Police. In a statement, Argentine president Mauricio Macri said, “They were five young entrepreneurs, model citizens in Rosario society…We all must stand together in the fight against terrorism.” (Sources: CBS News, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington Post, CNN), According to the Soufan Group, an unofficial estimate of 23 Argentine individuals were reported to have gone to fight with Islamist groups in Syria and Iraq. Terrorism Index in Argentina averaged 1.56 from 2002 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 2.81 in 2010 and a record low of 0.36 in 2008. (Sources: New York Times, Telegraph, Library of Congress, Times of Israel, Reuters, CNN, La Nación, U.S. Department of the Treasury, ABC), Argentine prosecutor Alberto Nisman was murdered days after he claimed that he had evidence incriminating then-President Cristina Kirchner for her alleged cover-up of Iran’s role. Argentina continues to investigate the bombing. Argentina’s then-President Isabel Perón stated that its objective was to “neutralize and/or annihilate” the “subversive elements” there––meaning the ERP and the Montoneros. Several Hamas operatives were arrested in connection to a foiled 1999 plot led by Osama bin Laden and Hezbollah leader Imad Mughniyeh to launch simultaneous attacks on Jewish targets in Buenos Aires and several other cities, though they were later released from custody. The initial investigation had hypothesized that former Syrian president Hafez al-Assad may have ordered the attack in retaliation. 7, No. In July 2018, Dr. Casal issued a Resolution creating the Counter- Terrorism Secretariat (SAIT, for its Spanish acronym) within the Argentinean Federal Prosecutor’s Office. The activities of the AAA marked the start of Argentina’s “Dirty War”––a period of state oppression directed at political dissidents and socialists. (Sources: Washington Post, La Tercera), Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, Argentine President Juan Perón helped establish escape routes, or “rat lines,” for former members of the Third Reich to escape to South America. Not only has Argentina failed to bring anyone to justice for the 1994 AMIA bombing, but several high-ranking Argentine officials and politicians have been accused of related cover-ups. For example, in 1999, authorities reportedly foiled a plot led by al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden and Hezbollah leader Imad Mughniyeh to launch simultaneous attacks on Jewish targets in several cities, including Buenos Aires. (Source: U.S. Department of State, Library of Congress), In July 2019, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and the United States formed an alliance to combat terrorism and “illicit activity” in the region, focusing on activity in the TBA. EU committee debates Islamist terrorism amid attacks. (Source: U.S. Department of State), Argentina has issued statements condemning major acts of international terror, and has pledged its support to the U.N. Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism. (Sources: Telegraph, New York Times, New Yorker, New Yorker, La Nación, Reuters), Nisman’s body had been found with a gun next to it, and the initial police reports and autopsy findings claimed that he had committed suicide. There are over 64 counter terrorist unit careers waiting for you to apply! It does not handle investigations or advance prosecutions. Argentina has once again failed to prosecute anyone for involvement, though in 2006, it officially charged Hezbollah with carrying out the attack and Iran with financing it, and obtained international arrest warrants for one Lebanese individual and six Iranian individuals allegedly involved. The following month, a federal judge officially ruled his death as a homicide and charged one of Nisman’s former aides with involvement. GEOF would gain other weaponry including shotguns, sniper rifles, and even machine guns (in some units) depend on the situation encountered.. New counter terrorist unit careers are added daily on SimplyHired.com. The bombing also completely destroyed the embassy building and a nearby church. Though some former Nazis disguised their identities and were later extradited and prosecuted, others evaded capture and lived openly under their real names, sometimes receiving support from Argentine authorities. However, the Command has suffered from institutional corruption, inadequate funding and resources, and poor training, hindering its efforts to combat illicit activity in the TBA. For instance, businesses have security plans and sometimes share commercial data with the government. The State Department released its annual Country Reports on Terrorism, detailing key developments in 2019 in the global fight against ISIS, al-Qa’ida, Iranian proxies, and other international terrorist groups. The State Department released its annual Country Reports on Terrorism, detailing key developments in 2019 in the global fight against ISIS, al-Qa’ida, Iranian proxies, and other international terrorist groups. See more ... Force One is an elite commando force, which is a specialised counter terrorism unit to guard the Mumbai metropolitan area, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world, formed by Government of Maharashtra on … Argentina participates in the "3 Plus 1" Security Group (formerly the Counter-Terrorism Dialogue) between the United States and the Triborder Area countries. Mughniyeh, who was ultimately linked to both attacks, evaded capture until he was killed in Syria in 2008. (Sources: Telegraph, New Yorker, La Nación), A week before his death, Nisman had accused the government of then-Argentine president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner of engaging in a cover-up of Iran’s role in the AMIA bombing in exchange for trade concessions. (Sources: Telegraph, New Yorker, La Nación, Guardian), Argentina has a history of extremist and terrorist activity––perpetrated both by extremist groups and the Argentine state itself––dating back to the years following World War II, when then-President Juan Perón allowed former Nazi officials a safe haven in the country. 1 -u. Representatives of the so-called “three plus one” alliance intend to meet twice a year. Several Islamic extremist sleeper cells also operate in the TBA. Nisman also obtained international arrest warrants via Interpol for one Lebanese individual––a senior Hezbollah leader––and six Iranian individuals wanted in connection with it. The unit prevents terrorists and other criminals from exploiting the nation's immigration system through fraud. Argentina represents an important element in this policy especially taking into consideration its history regarding the terrorist events which have been claimed by Islamic extremists. During the conference, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo singled out Hezbollah and Iran as the leading terrorist threats to the region. The GEOF, nicknamed 4T (todo tiempo-todo terreno, all weather-all terrain), has full powers in all jurisdictions of the country. If terrorism is part of a broader insurgency, counter-terrorism may employ counter-insurgency measures. Gegana is a detachment from Brimob which specializes in bomb disposal, counter-terrorism, CBR defense and intelligence operations. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Overview: During 2017, Argentina consolidated plans to redefine its counterterrorism strategy with a focus on its remote northern and northeastern borders, which include the Tri-Border Area where Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay meet, and where suspected terrorism financing networks operate. Argentina has so far failed to prosecute anyone for involvement, and the investigation into the attack officially remains unresolved. Though an Argentine federal court ultimately ruled the “truth commission” to be unconstitutional the following year, Nisman––the prosecutor in the ongoing AMIA bombing investigation––alleged that it had been part of a deal that Kirchner had struck with Iran in exchange for guaranteed oil supplies. In the subsequent year, the military kidnapped, tortured, and murdered hundreds of individuals––including both guerrillas and civilians. According to intelligence reports, Hezbollah’s activities in the TBA have been supported by both the Iranian and Lebanese governments––though the latter is due to Hezbollah’s own influence in Lebanese politics. The low-stress way to find your next counter terrorism unit field operations job opportunity is on SimplyHired. Such groups fundraise in the region through narcotics and arms trafficking and money laundering schemes––often with the help of organized crime groups. ISIS also claimed responsibility for the attack, calling Saipov a “caliphate soldier.” The Argentine victims had been high school friends from Rosario, Argentina, on a reunion trip. 14 – How to counter the threat of terrorism CCTP training covers 14 units such as: Suicide Bombing; Improvised Explosive Devices IED; Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Devices (VBIED); Attack with Cold Weapons; Shooting; Parallel Attack; Kidnapping. Argentina continues to investigate the AMIA bombing and Nisman’s 2015 death, which was ruled a homicide in 2017. Many saw the move as tantamount to collusion, given that several Iranian officials were suspects in the attack and would likely be immune to prosecution from such an inquiry. On the other extreme, the Peronist Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas Peronistas, FAP) emerged later that decade as a left-wing Peronist urban guerrilla group, launching attacks on foreign-owned companies in Buenos Aires. Approximately 30,000 individuals permanently disappeared––almost certainly at the hands of the state––between 1976 and the eventual collapse of the dictatorship in 1983. Barakat was jailed for six years in Paraguay and then released. Nonetheless, most buildings––even in Argentina’s major cities––have “lax controls” or none at all for detecting explosives, and “nobody on the subway or bus ever thinks that their lives could be endangered by a suicide bomber.” (Source: Washington Post), Following the death of prosecutor Alberto Nisman in January 2015, a survey conducted by the firm Ipsos showed that 70 percent of Argentines believed that he was murdered, and that 57 percent of those who believed that he was murdered also believed that the government was involved. The response of governments to terrorism is one of the most controversial issues of the twenty-first century. CTU was established after the first bombing of the World Trade Center in 1993. (Sources: Perfil, Deutsche Welle, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington Post), In addition to Islamic terrorist groups, a small number of radical left-wing anarchist groups have also carried out terrorist in Argentina in recent years, though they have caused few casualties. On the other hand, Argentina deals with the issue of terrorism at a legal level. (Sources: U.S. Department of State, Rio Times), According to a November 2017 Washington Post article, the terrorist attack that killed five Argentines in New York City the previous month “was a shock to the entire country,” given that Argentines generally feel safe from terrorism.” The article notes that the 1992 and 1994 terrorist bombings on Jewish targets in Buenos Aires “partly modified Buenos Aires life,” as many Jewish buildings reportedly increased security in an effort to prevent or mediate damage from any future bombing. In 2015, Argentina issued an arrest warrant for Hezbollah member Hussein Mohamad Ibrahim Suleiman, who allegedly brought the explosives used in the 1992 bombing into the country. (Sources: Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Atlantic, Times of Israel, La Nación, Library of Congress, Telegraph, Times of Israel). 03 November 2020. (Sources: La Nación, La Nación, La Nación, Centro de Información Judicial, Times of Israel), Following Galeano’s removal from the investigation, then-Argentine president Nestor Kirchner called the country’s failure to bring anyone to justice “a national disgrace.” In 2004, his government appointed a lawyer named Alberto Nisman to lead a new investigation. Argentina also has a domestic financial intelligence unit, called the Unidad de Información Financiera (UIF), which works to combat anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing (AML/CTF) activity in the country. Its mandate is to counsel prosecutors. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. Argentina also has a history of Islamic terrorism. Argentina has charged a number of Hezbollah members for involvement in the two attacks, including Hezbollah leader Imad Mughniyeh, who was suspected of masterminding the 1992 bombing. Hezbollah also receives financial support from fundraising networks throughout Argentina, which has a large Lebanese expatriate population. As of 1975, the group was estimated to have about 500-700 members. (Sources: Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Atlantic, Times of Israel, New York Times, La Nación, CNN, Library of Congress, Telegraph, La Nación, Reuters), On July 18, 1994, a suicide bomber detonated an explosives-packed van in front of the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association (Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina, AMIA) headquarters in Buenos Aires. Vikram Dodd. However, Menem, who is of Syrian descent, allegedly ordered Galeano to cease investigations into a suspect Syrian-Argentine individual with ties to Menem’s own family. The GEOF is a specialized police unit of the General Directorate of International Terrorism and Complex Crimes. Argentina’s Counter Terrorism Argentina as a country has experienced acts of terrorism internally in the earlier years in the form of coups, and the Dirty War. To date, Argentina has failed to bring anyone to justice for either attack, and two of Argentina’s presidents have been accused of engaging in cover-ups related to the 1994 bombing. Though the subsequent civilian government revoked the initial amnesty law, the military quickly pressured it to pass additional amnesty laws protecting the regime’s former leaders from prosecution. (Sources: U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of State, Perfil, Library of Congress), In 2016, Argentina announced a plan to reform its legal counterterrorism framework, including its penal system, security and intelligence capabilities, and AML/CTF laws and procedures. In the 1990s, two major terrorist attacks occurred in Buenos Aires, which together caused 115 deaths and left at least 555 injured. The bombing also completely destroyed the embassy building and a nearby church. In 1998, then-director of the FBI Louis Freeh referred to the TBA as a “free zone for significant criminal activity, including people who are organized to commit acts of terrorism.” In a July 2003 report updated in 2010, the Library of Congress stated that Islamist groups operating in the TBA included Hezbollah, al-Qaeda, and Hamas. 11- u. 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